Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922-1975) – Italian filmmaker, critic, poet and writer. In the 1940s he published his first collections of poetry. In 1957, he worked on a screenplay for Federico Fellini's film Nights of Cabiria and, in 1961, he released his first film Accattone. Pasolini was a member of the Italian Communist Party, but was later expelled due to his homosexuality. Nevertheless, he openly endorsed the party until the end of his life. Religion played an important role in Pasolini’s life, although he criticised Catholicism and institutional religions. The main subject of criticism and analysis in Pasolini’s work was power and its radical forms; religion; homosexuality; and socially vulnerable low layers and marginal groups of society. After World War II he wrote about post-Fascist society. Court charges were brought against Pasolini many times. His last film, adaptation of Marquis de Sade's work Salo, or the 120 Days of Sodom (1975) – where the director addressed repressive mechanisms of power and the desire for the barbaric destruction of human beings – was especially scandalous. Pasolini was brutally murdered on 2 November 1975 in Ostia, near Rome. Despite the fact that the murderer was arrested, the crime has never been fully investigated.